Monday, 13 July 2015

Large Hadron Collider2 Experiment to Come Up with New Physics


The second incarnation of Large Hadron Collider (LHC2) is going to look for signs of Physics beyond the current ultimate theory in the field the Standard Model. This experiment is designed to look for things like super symmetry, new particles and ultimately the particles that constitute dark matter. Many theoretical physicists are throwing their weight behind this great work. The countries like India, USA, countries of the European Union are behind setting up of this giant reactor. The earlier run produced a large volume of data that are being processed to get some valuable clues to solve the riddles of quantum physics. For instance, the Indian contingent that processed the data from the experiment strongly believes that the data capable of revealing new Physics might have already been out.

large hadron collider

LHC Experiments

There are several experiments running parallel in the LHC chamber. According to theoretical physicists, each collision between the subatomic particles is an experiment. The subatomic particles are precisely made to collide with each other at a speed close to that of light. These high velocity collisions are expected to yield a huge volume of data. The information technologists have evolved a method called Big Data especially for this purpose. Its spinoff has been used in developing business intelligence. Basically there are four large experiments that are being held simultaneously to squeeze out the hiding phenomena in the subatomic world. They are A Large Ion Collider Experiment (ALICE), the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS), A Toroidal LHC Apparatus (ATLAS) and Large Hadron Collider beauty (LHCb).  In the previous run, the collisions were allowed to take place at an energy level of 7 TeV. After the repair, the energy of the particle collision has been increased to 13 TeV.

subatomic world

What Experiments Look For?

Among other things, the second version of LHC is expected to look for the clues that point to the existence of Physics beyond the Standard Model propounded by the noted Scientist Sir Albert Einstein. Of the four major experiments described above, ATLAS and CMS look for the evidence of super symmetry, super-symmetric particles, dark matter and anything exotic beyond the Standard Model. On the other hand, the LHCb will be looking at the rare decays of elementary particles named musons with greater precisions. These particles contain the b quark. The data coming from the previous run were analyzed for the angular distribution of particles coming from B mesons to form K* and a set of mu leptons, which are the heavier counterpart of the most well-known particle electron.

super symmetry

Thuruvananthapuram Switzerland